High Unemployment Rates, Low Minimum Wage, Growing Dislike for Modi Govt: Survey
New Delhi, Feb 20—Some important markers on unemployment, income, minimum wage among others emerged in survey conducted by Disha Students Organisation, Naujawan Bharat Sabha and Bigul Mazdoor Dasta under the Bhagat Singh National Employment Guarantee Act (BSNEGA) Campaign.
A sample of 1465 individuals across Maharashtra, Bihar, Haryana, and Delhi answered questionnaires in the survey which was prepared by students of colleges and universities.
The survey focused their attention on the working class, semi-working class, lower middle class and the intermediary strata of the middle class to examine the unemployment amongst the working class population, especially after demonetization.
In the survey, an unemployment rate of 36.99 % was observed among the youth. Out of the individuals surveyed, 31.6 % were found to be educated, while 21.3% of them were uneducated and 42.7 % were studying to get a job. The findings on unemployment on the basis of education were also startling. 16.2 % of the individuals taking part in the survey were skilled while 41.1 % of them were unskilled.
When it came to average income per month, those who were self-employed as a livelihood strategy were found to be earning Rs. 8,818, those self-employed with business earned Rs. 27,000, the average income of the non-permanent contractual workers came to be at Rs. 7257.9 and Rs. 9286.8 of permanent contractual workers, while the daily workers found to be earning Rs. 6595.4
The survey also found out days of employment workers get in a month. Daily wage workers were found to be getting 15.48 days of employment per month and 7.67 months of employment per year. Non-permanent contractual workers get 7.31 months of employment per year.
When the people taking part in the survey were asked about their views on Modi-government, only 3% were found satisfied with the government and 87.1% said they were unsatisfied while 9.8 % did not answer. On Pension, the survey found out that 3.9 % of the employed individuals get E.S.I and Pension.
In the survey, the average income of such families was found at Rs.13,692.77. The per Capita income was found at Rs.2475 with 17.38% of unemployment rate within a family.
When they were asked if they had any knowledge of the labour laws only 11.49% of the employed individuals said they had some knowledge about it. When asked about their minimum wages, only 8% individuals said that they received their minimum wages while 18.33% said that they did not receive their minimum wage on certain occasions. Further, only 1.7% individuals said that they were benefitted by the government schemes. The individuals demanded a minimum unemployment allowance of Rs. 9786.6.
The Charter of demands of Bhagat Singh National Employment Guarantee Act (BSNEGA) campaign are as follows:
· --Employment guarantee must be included as the fundamental right by the amendment in the Constitution.
· --Government must present and pass the BSNEGA, according to which it would be the responsibility of the government to provide opportunity of employment to every citizen of India capable of doing work.
· --As employment comes under State list, hence the state governments cannot escape from their responsibilities. We demand from the respective state governments they enact Bhagat Singh Employment Guarantee Legislation according to which it would be the responsibility of the government to provide 365 days of permanent employment.
· --In case employment is not provided, government must ensure a monthly unemployment allowance of Rs.10,000.
· --Necessary reforms must be made in the labour laws in order to ensure a minimum wage of Rs.20000 per month.
· ----Increased productivity,6-hour working day must be declared.
· --Labour laws related to minimum wages, working day,double rate for overtime,safety at work place, weekly off, E.S.I, P.F, Pension etc. must be implemented strictly and necessary revisions must be made in the labour laws to ensure stringent punitive measures and sentence for the employers who do not abide these laws.
· --Recruitments must be done immediately on the vacant posts in central and state governments.
· --Aanganwadi and Asha workers working under the schemes such as I.C.D.S, Rashtriya Gramin Swasthya Mission must be given the status of Government employees in place of volunteers\social worker and they must be provided with all the facilities and benefits legally available to a government employee. These welfare schemes must be considered to be an obligatory responsibility of the government in place of special mission or schemes.
· --Contract system must be abolished from all works of perennial nature in public and private sector and contractual workers involved in these works must be made regular and permanent.
· --The demand of the soldiers of armed and paramilitary forces for ‘One Rank One Pension’ must be enforced according to the formula suggested by them, namely, equal pension for one rank and equal period of service irrespective of the date of retirement.
· --Old pension scheme must be restored in place of the new pension scheme.